Parution de l’ouvrage “Couleurs, esclavages, libérations coloniales 1804-1860”

Le REDEHJA a le plaisir de vous annoncer la parution de l’ouvrage Couleurs, esclavages, libérations coloniales 1804-1860 aux éditions Les Perséides (2013), sous la direction de Claire Bourhis-Mariotti, Bernard Gainot, Marcel Dorigny, Marie-Jeanne Rossignol et Clément Thibaud.

VisuelCouleursLa thématique développée dans cet ouvrage est la mutation paradoxale du système colonial européen hérité des « découvertes » de la fin du XVe siècle durant la période 1804-1860, avant que ne se réalisent à grande échelle les nouvelles conquêtes européennes et que ne s’ouvre une nouvelle ère « impérialiste ». Phénomène global, cette mutation a affecté les trois aires géographiques du monde atlantique, mais aussi les sociétés coloniales de l’océan Indien. La nouvelle orientation coloniale reposait sur trois postulats : abolir la traite et l’esclavage, à la fois au nom des droits de l’homme et de la recherche d’une efficacité économique maximale, dans le cadre des nouvelles conceptions de la division du travail, du salariat, de la mécanisation et des échanges internationaux ; implanter en Afrique des « établissements », agricoles et commerciaux, afin de mettre en valeur ce continent — désormais épargné par le fléau de la traite négrière — selon les normes et les méthodes de l’Europe qui se donnait dès lors la « mission de civiliser » l’Afrique en lui apportant ses Lumières ; redéfinir les relations de travail au sein même des « anciennes colonies » pour perpétuer le cadre de la monoculture extensive, en ayant recours à des contrats de location de la force de travail, ou de partage inégalitaire des produits de la récolte. Cette large perspective révèle la cohérence de cette période cruciale longtemps négligée par l’historiographie, pendant laquelle se met en place l’arsenal idéologique des colonisations futures.

Pour la partie concernant l’aire anglo-américaine, contributions de:

– Claire Bourhis-Mariotti : « L’émigration volontaire des Noirs-Américains vers Haïti dans les années 1820 : Une alternative aux projets de l’American Colonization Society »

– Eric Burin : « La loi sur la traite négrière de 1819 : Un nouveau regard sur la politique de colonisation des États-Unis vers l’Afrique et les débats sur l’esclavage au Congrès »

– Kate Hodgson: « Envisager l’avenir après l’esclavage : Voyageurs abolitionnistes dans la Caraïbe, 1833-1848 »

– Suzanne Schwarz: « D’une administration privée au contrôle de la Couronne : Expérimentation et adaptation en Sierra Leone à la fin du xviiie et au début du xixe siècle »

– Joseph Yannielli: « Géographies de l’abolition : la mission Mendi »

ISBN : 978-2-915596-96-0

Septembre 2013, 23 x 15 cm, 416 pages, 28 €

L’ouvrage est disponible à la vente notamment par le biais du site de l’éditeur : http://lesperseides.fr/nouveaute/

N’hésitez pas à communiquer ce lien aux bibliothèques et institutions (universitaires) susceptibles d’être intéressées par l’acquisition de cet ouvrage.

CFP / Non-Traditional Slaveholding in the Atlantic World, July 11-12 2014 (Senate House, London, UK)

Non-Traditional Slaveholding in the Atlantic World
July 11-12 2014, Senate House, London, UK

Call for Papers

Plenary Speakers:
Seymour Drescher (University of Pittsburgh)
Brent Weisman (University of South Florida)

CFP Nontraditional Slaveholding

Studies of slaveholding in the Atlantic World traditionally imagine a particular type of slave holder – a wealthy landowning white man who has extensive political and cultural power, his status in the community defined by or at least enhanced by his slaveholding. He has a set of attitudes towards his slaves and their economic and cultural work that he shares with others of his class. This conference sets out to challenge these preconceptions by bringing together scholars working on different re-gions of the Atlantic world to discuss a hitherto neglected area of the study of African American slav-ery: non-traditional slaveholding.
We welcome proposals that consider slaveholding by poor whites, women, free blacks, Native Amer-icans and Jewish Americans in every area of the Atlantic. The conference is designed to be explicitly comparative, encouraging scholars to discuss significant issues such as: what counts as ‘slavery’ in this context? How widespread was the phenomenon of slaveholding among the non-white popula-tion? Are non-traditional slave holders distinct from white slave holders in their attitudes and be-haviour towards the institution and towards their slaves? To what extent did regional specificities, historical contexts and particular legal frameworks encourage slaveholding among non-traditional slave owners and influence the nature of the bondage? Do slave culture and slave agency emerge dif-ferently from a study of non-traditional slaveholders? Is the line between slavery and freedom more blurred? What are the epistemological consequences of acknowledging slave ownership by non-traditional slaveholders? How does it alter our understanding of ‘the colour line’?
Please send proposals of no more than 300 words (for papers or panels) and a brief CV to nontraditionalslaveholders@gmail.com by 15 January 2014.

We welcome papers that cover any region of the Atlantic and proposals for round table discussions as well as formal academic papers.

Conference Organisers: Lawrence Aje (University of Montpellier), Catherine Armstrong (Manchester Metropolitan University), and Lydia Plath (Canterbury Christ Church University).

CFP / extended deadline for proposals / 5th EEASA Conference 2014

Call for Papers

Fifth Biennial European Early American Studies (EEASA) Conference

Lublin, Poland, 11-13 December 2014

Extended deadline for proposals: October 31, 2013

Protest and Persuasion: Writing, Print, Speech, and Performance in Early America and the Atlantic World

 

Persuasive communication has been at the heart of much of Western social and political development. It played a crucial role in the early promotion of colonization, the struggle for independence, the campaigns for the recognition of independence by European powers, the making of the constitutions, the laying foundations of the new states, justifying or repudiating slavery, and building and manipulating alliances with Native Americans. Several decades of scholarship have elucidated the dynamics of authorship, publishing and reading in the Americas and the Atlantic world as forms of public-relation practice in the pre-mass media world. Meanwhile, numerous studies of public opinion have built upon and responded to Jürgen Habermas’ thesis about the transformation of the public sphere in the eighteenth century. These two strands of scholarship have often intersected, and in both areas scholars have insisted on the need to move beyond the reified notions of “print culture” and the “public sphere” to consider the interaction of oral, scribal, printed and behavioral forms of socially and politically motivated communication.

 The 2014 EEASA Conference will provide an opportunity to present fresh and more nuanced insights on how political communication actually worked in the Americas and the Atlantic world. What strategies of communication and modes of persuasion and protest did people develop and with what goals? What constraints – technical, geographic, legal, or cultural – help to explain the adoption of certain forms of expression and the content of the messages? How did the meaning and significance of words and images evolve as they travelled from place to place? How were persuasion and protest articulated in non-verbal forms, such as gesture, symbol, image, and performance? What political consequences – intended or unintended – resulted from the way people used speech, writing, print, and group action in early America and the Atlantic world?

 

The following list contains some potential topics to be addressed:

 – the evolution of the forms and genres of persuasion, protest, reconciliation, and cooperation (speeches, sermons, newspaper articles, pamphlets, broadsides, songs, slogans, poems, engravings, etc.);

 – the interaction of words and images in political communication;

 – the migration of texts from spoken to written (or printed) and vice versa;

 – the migration, re-uses and transformation of concepts, images, music and sounds from other colonies and Europe as well as foreign language texts in political culture

 – the role of translators and interpreters;

 – censorship and other forms of restraint on speech and writing;

 – the use of the body through performance, gesture, or dress to communicate messages;

 – group protest tactics: petitions, marches, town and country meetings, activist organizations, etc.

 Please send your proposal to EEASA2014@googlemail.com by October 31, 2013.

 _______________________________________________________________

 The host of the 2014 Conference is the Department of English at Maria Curie-Skłodowska University (UMCS) in Lublin, Poland. UMCS, established in 1944, is the biggest university in eastern Poland with 25,000 students. The conference venue will be the Faculty of Arts.