CFP: Black Historians and the Writing of History in the 19th and early 20th centuries: What Legacy?

As part of the project EHDLM (Writing History from the Margins) funded by the PRES Sorbonne Paris Cité, a conference will be held in Paris, University Paris Diderot, June 12-14 2014, on

 

Black Historians and the Writing of History in the 19th and early 20th centuries: What Legacy?

woodson williams dubois

Organizers: Marie-Jeanne Rossignol, Claire Bourhis-Mariotti, Hélène Le Dantec-Lowry, Claire Parfait, Mathieu Renault

Scientific committee: Ira Berlin (University of Maryland, College Park), Myriam Cottias (CNRS, CIRESC), Elisabeth Cunin (IRD, CNRS), Pap N’Diaye (Sciences Po), Martha Jones (Michigan), Jean-Paul Lallemand (EHESS, CENA)

Abstracts: 300 words + one-page CV to be sent to blackhistoriansparis2014@gmail.com by November 1, 2013

“History has thrown the colored man out.”

William Wells Brown 1860, in Benjamin Quarles Black Mosaic 1988, 111

robert b lewis

 

Almost 100 years after The Journal of Negro History was founded by Carter G. Woodson, we would like to reassess the legacy of those black historians who wrote the history of their community between the 1830s and World War II. Through slavery and segregation, self-educated and formally educated black Americans wrote works of history in order to inscribe, or re-inscribe, African Americans in American history. This served a two-fold objective: to make African-Americans proud of their past and to enable them to fight against white prejudice.

Over the past decades, historians have turned to the study of these pioneers, but a number of issues remain to be addressed. At first, before African Americans received doctorates in history or taught history at all-black colleges, activists wrote the first histories of their community (and beyond). We propose to address the following questions:  who published these books; how were they distributed, read and received? How can we assess the work of these “amateurs” from a historian’s point of view, at a time when the writing of history was becoming professional in Europe as well as in the United States? What do these publications reveal about the construction of professional history in the nineteenth century when we examine them in relation with other works by Euro-Americans whether working in an academic setting or as independent researchers?

Regarding the more “professional” generation that slowly emerged at the beginning of the twentieth century (Du Bois, Woodson, Logan, and others), a number of questions also remain unanswered. These historians wrote history “from the margins” of the profession, launching journals, organizing conferences and developing institutional tools for their segregated scientific activity. The process of integration was slow and mostly started after the Second World War. Yet one can wonder whether the marginal position of these historians was a hindrance or whether it might also have been an asset. Could it be argued that their use of alternative sources made them pioneers in developing a type of social and cultural history which would later be exemplified by the Annales school in France? If so,the intellectual contribution of the black historians who wrote professional history in the first half of the twentieth century must be re-assessed globally as well as nationally: what does it mean to write history from the margins?

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Finally, the work of these early historians must be placed squarely within the longer term historiographical development of African American and American history: African American history emerged as a major field of investigation in American history in the 1970s and 1980s, and, with the rise of Atlantic history in the 1990s and 2000s, it has now become one of the principal preoccupations of American historians. The groundwork had, however, been laid long before in a climate of segregation: the slave trade, US-Haitian relationships, and other key issues were the objects of major studies before the Second World War. How were these books circulated, read and received beyond an educated black public? Are these historians fully recognized for their pioneering work outside of their community, or have they been relegated to the margins of professional historical memory?

William C. Nell

Plenary speakers: Pero Dagbovie, Michigan State University, and Claire Parfait, Université Paris 13

 

This conference is sponsored by www.sorbonnepariscite.fr

And the following research teams : CIRESC/CNRS, LARCA, CREW, CRIDAF/Pléiade.

It will be held at University Paris Diderot www.univ-paris-diderot.fr

Programme des activités 2013-2014

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Mercredi 9 octobre 2013

17h-18h30

Université Paris Diderot bâtiment Olympe de Gouges, salle 317,

Conférence de Karen Weyler, auteure de Empowering Words: Outsiders and Authorship in Early America (University Press of Georgia)

puis de 19h30 à 21h, Marie-Jeanne Rossignol invite les membres du REDEHJA qui voudront bien se déplacer chez elle (23 chemin du bras du chapitre 94000 CRETEIL) à écouter Michelle Orihel, Southern Utah University, parler de son prochain livre consacré aux democratic-republican societies du Kentucky et de Caroline du sud.

Si vous voulez participer, contactez Marie-Jeanne, bring a bottle. Cheese and wine party!

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Mercredi 11 décembre 2013

  « Contre la traite » : Conversations sur Diderot, Raynal et la dénonciation de l’esclavage en Amérique

18h-20h Université Paris Diderot Amphi Buffon, 4 rue Marie-Andrée Lagroua Weill-Halle, 75013 Paris

Dans le cadre du colloque « Diderot et l’émancipation » qui se déroulera les 11 et 12 décembre 2013 à l’Université Denis Diderot, amphi Buffon, aura lieu une manifestation spécifique centrée sur la dénonciation de la traite et de l’esclavage par Diderot au titre de sa contribution à l’Histoire des Deux Indes de Raynal. Avec lectures d’extraits par un comédien, communications d’historiens et projections d’images.

Organisation: Marie-Jeanne Rossignol et Service Culture Université Paris Diderot

Interventions de: Marcel Dorigny sur Diderot et Raynal ; Carolyn Fick sur la Révolution haïtienne Bernard Gainot sur la Société des Amis des Noirs Allan Potofsky sur la richesse coloniale à Paris Frédéric Régent sur le code noir Marie-Jeanne Rossignol, sur les Quakers, Diderot et Raynal

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Vendredi 24 janvier 2014

9h30-14h Paris-Diderot

9h30-11h30 : Assemblée Générale du REDEHJA

Suivie d’une séance « ressources numériques »

et d’un déjeuner autour d’un buffet convivial.

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Vendredi 14 mars 2014

9h30-17h30

UPEC (Créteil)

Journée des doctorants.

Organisation : Monica Henry, UPEC.

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Jeudi 12-samedi 14 juin 2014

Paris-Diderot

As part of the project EHDLM (Writing History from the Margins) funded by the PRES Sorbonne Paris Cité, a conference will be held in Paris, University Paris Diderot, June 12-14 2014, on

Black Historians and the Writing of History in the 19th and early 20th centuries: What Legacy?

Organizers: Marie-Jeanne Rossignol, Claire Bourhis-Mariotti, Hélène Le Dantec-Lowry, Claire Parfait, Mathieu Renault

Scientific committee: Ira Berlin (University of Maryland, College Park), Myriam Cottias (CNRS, CIRESC), Elisabeth Cunin (IRD, CNRS), Pap N’Diaye (Sciences Po), Martha Jones (Michigan), Jean-Paul Lallemand (EHESS, CENA)